Old Testament, or the "Tanak"
In the Christian community we have our Bible. The Bible we have is divided into two sections. The Old testament (covenant) and the New Testament. We commonly refer to the Old testament as "The Law". Many churches today will not look at the Old testament. They refer themselves to a "New testament Church". Lets look at a couple of Scriptures in the New testament.
"Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. 18 For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled. 19 Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. 20 For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.
"Therefore every scribe instructed concerning the kingdom of heaven is like a householder who brings out of his treasure things new and old."
The Old Testament from a Jewish point of view is referred to as the Tanak. The Tanak is actually an
acronym "T-N-K". In the Tanak, the scriptures are broken into three sections. The Torah (T)
which are the "Teachings". The Nevi'im or Prophets (N). And the K'tuvim or writings (K) i.e.,
Psalms, Proverbs, Ruth etc..... Of course the Torah is the scriptures that were God
Moses on Sinai and is Sacred to the Jews to this day.
The Tanak is the books of Scripture that Jesus used to show who he was and to teach his disciples. And I will suggest that if you want some good insight from the Tanak, to seek out a Messianic Jewish Rabbi for some good sound teaching. Of course the Orthodox Jew still believes Jesus to be a false prophet. The Messianic Jewish Rabbi may even give you additional insight to the New Testament that the "Western" Church does not understand.
2 Tim 3:16-17
All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.
The "scripture" spoken of in 2 Tim 3:16 is referring to the Tanak (Old Testament). The New Testament had not even been written yet. That is not to say that we do not now include the New testament to that thought.
As you read throughout the New Testament, notice how often it refers to the
Old Testament. Consider the Ten Commandments of God. Other examples of the "Law" talk about
sexual immorality, loving your enemy, Loving your God, walking in obedience to God, making good on
promises, taking care of the homeless, or the widows and orphans, etc, etc.
Sounds like some things you read in the New Testament, doesn't it?!
The thing we need to understand about the Tanak is that it was a means of carrying people through an age until the Messiah came. It showed the chosen people how to be Holy to Yahweh. And ALL of the Old Testament has valuable lessons (Treasures) in it through out the Book. Even for the "New Testament Church".